Home > Following Jesus, Course B
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Acts 20:28-31 - Paul warned that some elders would teach error and draw away disciples. The Lord's church has repeatedly departed from God's pattern for church organization and work.
The purpose of this study is to examine the New Testament pattern for the organization and work of the church. This pattern is as much a part of God's word as is the teaching about worship or salvation from sin. We seek to affirm the Bible pattern of church organization and work, while opposing human changes.
This material summarizes the lesson on How to Study the Bible. Please review that lesson before proceeding.
Sometimes God states directly what He wants us to do or believe (1 Cor. 14:37; John 14:15; Matt. 28:20).
Sometimes God teaches, not by expressly telling us how to act, but by giving instances of Christians acting with His approval.
>>> Please read Philippians 3:17; 4:9. <<<
*1* Whose lives served as an example that we should follow? Answer: Paul said he and those who walked like him are our __________.
(1 Peter 2:21; Matt. 16:24; 10:25; 1 John 2:6; 1 Cor. 11:1; 4:16,17)
Some teachings simply follow necessarily from what is stated.
>>> Please read Acts 17:2,3. <<<
*2* What did Paul demonstrate from Old Testament Scripture? Answer: Paul reasoned from Scripture that Jesus is the __________.
Note that this conclusion was not directly stated in the Old Testament. (Matt. 19:3-9; 22:23-32; Acts 10:1-11:18; 15:6-21; 1 Cor. 15:12-19.)
When we study a subject, we must consider lessons taught by any of these teaching methods.
>>> Please read Matthew 15:9. <<<
*3* What kind of worship is based on human law? (a) acceptable, (b) authorized, (c) vain, (d) all of the preceding. Answer: __________.
>>> Please read Galatians 1:8,9; 2 John 9. <<<
*4,5* What happens to those who teach differently from the gospel? Answer: Such teachers are __________ and do not have __________.
God has told us in the gospel everything we should do to please Him (2 Tim. 3:16,17; 2 Peter 1:3; John 16:13). Human wisdom cannot discover what pleases God (Jer. 10:23; Isa. 55:8,9; Prov. 14:12; 3:5,6). Therefore, if we practice anything not taught in the gospel, we displease God. (Col. 3:17; Rev. 22:18,19; 1 Pet. 4:11)
Everything we do must fit the definition or fall within the meaning of God's instructions. When God wants man to do a thing in a particular way, He chooses terms that are specific or narrow in meaning. We displease Him if we do anything not included.
On the other hand, if God chooses to instruct us in words that are more general or inclusive in meaning, then He leaves us free to choose from any alternative that fits the meaning.
For example, God told Noah to make an ark of gopher wood (Gen. 6:14). He could not have used metal or other woods, because they did not fit the meaning of "gopher wood." But he could use a hammer or saw to build the ark, because they would fit the meaning of making an ark.
God tells us to use bread and fruit of the vine in the Lord's supper on the first day of the week (Acts 20:7; 1 Corinthians 11:23-26). Using hamburger and Coke or partaking on other days of the week would be unauthorized. But we could partake any time on the first day.
We should sing in worship to God (Ephesians 5:19). Instrumental music is unauthorized because it does not fit. However, singing parts (soprano, bass, etc.) would fit the meaning of "sing."
We should have Bible authority for all we do and should oppose all unauthorized practices.
A "local church" has all the following characteristics:
* A group of Christians from a certain locality (1 Cor. 1:2; Gal. 1:2)
* Rules (the gospel) to guide the body (1 Cor. 16:1; 2 Tim. 3:16,17)
* Work or function to be accomplished by the group (see below)
* A system for overseeing the work (elders -- Acts 14:23; 20:17,28)
* Funds belonging to the group to carry out its work (1 Cor. 16:1-4; Acts 4:32-5:11; Phil. 4:14-18; 2 Cor. 11:8,9)
* Biblical guidelines for determining who is or is not a member of the local church (Acts 9:26-28; 1 Cor. 5; Matt. 18:15-17; Heb. 13:17).
Now note the spiritual emphasis in the work of local churches.
The gospel teaches that spiritual needs are more important than physical needs - Matt. 16:26,27; John 6:63,27. Meeting physical needs has only temporary benefits; meeting spiritual needs has eternal benefits. (Cf. Col. 3:1,2; Luke 12:15-21; Matt. 4:4; 10:28.)
>>> Please read Acts 20:28; Eph. 1:22,23; 5:23-25. <<<
*6* How did Jesus purchase the church and make it His? Answer: Jesus gave His life and purchased the church with His __________.
*7* Christ is the Head and Savior of what group? Answer: Jesus is Head and Savior of the __________.
Think: Why did Jesus shed His blood (Eph. 1:7; Luke 19:10; 5:32; Matt. 20:28; 26:28)? If Jesus' blood purchased the church and He is now head of the church, then is the church physical or spiritual in nature?
>>> Please read John 3:3,5; Acts 2:47. <<<
*8* How does one enter the kingdom? Answer: To enter the kingdom one must be born of water and __________.
Think: How is baptism connected to salvation (Rom. 6:3,4; Acts 2:38,47; 22:16; Mark 16:16)? If one enters the church at baptism (1 Cor. 12:13), then is the church physical or spiritual? (Col. 1:12-14)
>>> Please read Acts 6:2-4; Hebrews 13:17. <<<
*9* What work did apostles and elders emphasize? (a) serving tables, (b) prayer, teaching, and watching for souls, (c) caring for widows. Answer: __________.
Think: The apostles did not want to become deeply involved in "serving tables." What does this show about the nature of the church?
>>> Please read 1 Peter 2:5. <<<
*10,11* How did Peter describe the church? Answer: We are a __________ house offering up __________ sacrifices.
Jesus said His kingdom is not of this world (John 18:36). The church is fundamentally spiritual, created to help men be saved and have eternal life. This work is far more important than physical matters - Matthew 6:33. (Cf. Rom. 14:17; 2 Cor. 10:3-5.)
Note how the work of the church reflects its spiritual nature.
>>> Please read 1 Thessalonians 1:8. <<<
*12* What work did the Thessalonian church accomplish? Answer: They sounded forth the __________ of the Lord. (See also Acts 11:22-26.)
The church is the pillar and ground of the truth (1 Timothy 3:15). (See Phil. 4:14-18; 2 Cor. 11:8,9.)
>>> Please read Hebrews 10:24,25. <<<
*13* What should be accomplished in church assemblies? Answer: We assemble to __________ one another.
See also 1 Cor. 14:19,23-26; Eph. 4:16. Edification also includes church discipline (1 Corinthians 5; Matt. 18:15-17; 2 Thess. 3:6-15).
As studied elsewhere this involves Bible teaching, prayer (1 Cor. 14:15; Acts 2:42), the Lord's supper (1 Cor 11:17-34; Acts 20:7), singing (1 Cor. 14:15; Eph. 5:19), and the collection (1 Cor. 16:1,2; 2 Cor. 8&9).
>>> Please read Acts 11:27-30. <<<
*14* How were needy saints here cared for? Answer: Funds were collected and each disciple gave according to his __________.
(Cf. Acts 2:44,45; 4:32-35; 6:1-6; 1 Cor. 16:1-4; 2 Cor. 8 & 9.)
The church did care physically for some members, but the overall emphasis of church work was spiritual. Everything we can now do to help people physically, we could have done had Jesus never died and established the church. But no man's spiritual need could be met without Jesus' death and without the church. The church is the unique institution God established to meet the spiritual needs of mankind. It is a serious error to lead the church away from its spiritual work to focus instead on unauthorized material works.
Consider now an application of the spiritual nature of church work.
>>> Please read Romans 1:16. <<<
*15* What is God's power to save men? (a) the gospel, (b) fun and games, (c) entertainment and recreation, (d) politics, (e) all of these. Answer: __________.
(See also 2 Thess. 2:14; Rom. 10:17; John 12:32; Matt. 11:28-30.)
>>> Please read Acts 17:2; 18:4,11,19; 19:8,9; 24:24,25. <<<
*16* How did faithful Christians attract people to Jesus? Answer: They attracted people by __________ from God's word.
Think: Did the apostles ever appeal to people's fleshly desires?
The greatest motivating power we have is the story of God's love, Jesus' death, and the hope of eternal life (1 John 4:19; 5:3; Acts 20:32; 1 Cor. 1:18-24; Heb. 4:12,13; Jas. 1:21; Rom. 10:14-17).
Some churches attract people by offering fun, food, entertainment, parties, sports, and recreation. What does the Bible say?
>>> Please read 2 Corinthians 10:3-5; Eph. 6:10-18. <<<
*17* What kind of warfare are we engaged in (6:12)? Answer: We fight against __________ wickedness in high (heavenly) places.
*18* What kind of weapons do we use in the battle? Answer: We use, not carnal weapons, but the __________ God provides.
>>> Please read 1 Corinthians 1:18-25; 2:1-5. <<<
*19* What power do we have to produce faith and save men? (a) human wisdom, (b) preaching Jesus and His death, (c) fun and games. Answer: __________.
Exalting human ability and wisdom leads people to place faith in man. Exalting Jesus' message leads people to place faith in God
Think: What is the difference in principle between attracting people with fun, food, recreation, etc., and just offering them $10 to come?
God is spirit (John 4:24). His kingdom is spiritual. Man's greatest need is spiritual. Our enemy is spiritual. Our eternal reward is spiritual. Therefore, God gave us spiritual drawing power: the gospel.
Carnal attractions are unauthorized because they are different drawing power from what God specified. They pervert the spiritual nature of Jesus' church. (Rom. 14:17)
Some people say that whatever individual Christians must do, the church may do likewise. But note the following passages. In each case ask whether the church and the individual are taught to do the same things or different things.
>>> Please read Matthew 18:15-17. <<<
*20* Who should speak to a brother about his sin? (a) one brother alone, (b) then 2 or 3 brethren, (c) then the church, (d) all the preceding. Answer: __________.
Note that church action is distinguished from individual Christians.
>>> Please read Ephesians 4:28; 1 Corinthians 16:1,2. <<<
*21* How do individuals obtain an income (cf. 2 Thess. 3:10)? Answer: Individuals get funds by __________.
*22* How does the local church obtain a financial income? Answer: God instructed the churches about the __________for the saints.
Note that individuals are commanded to obtain funds by a method not authorized for the church and vice-versa.
>>> Please read 2 Corinthians 9:6,7; Acts 5:4. <<<
*23* Who decides how much an individual should give to the church? (a) the church, (b) the preacher, (c) the giver, (d) all of these. Answer: __________.
*24* Who controls the individual's money until he gives it (Acts 5:4)? Answer: Peter told the giver that, the money was in his __________.
>>> Please read 1 Timothy 5:4,8,16. <<<
*25* If one refuses to care for needy relatives, what is his condition? Answer: One who refuses is worse than an __________.
*26* If individuals fulfill their duty, will the church be burdened with caring for the relatives of those individuals? (yes or no) Answer: (Yes or no) __________.
Consider some other examples:
* Individuals physically marry and raise children. Do local churches do this? (Heb. 13:4; Gen. 1:28; Eph.6:4)
* Individuals may wear the names of men, such as Peter, Paul, Mary, John, Martin Luther, etc. May local churches (1 Cor. 1:10-13)?
* Individuals may sing secular songs accompanied by instruments (Luke 15:25; 1 Cor. 14:7; Matt. 11:17). May churches do so?
* Individuals may wash in water for purposes other than remission of sins (Acts 9:37; Luke 7:38). May local churches, as such, do this?
A business corporation does not necessarily do everything done privately by their employees. So the Bible distinguishes the church as a unit from the individual members. The church is not just one member, but an organization of many members functioning as a unit (1 Cor. 12:14).
Sometimes the work of the church is similar to that of members, but just because a passage authorizes or requires individuals to do a thing, that does not prove the church is authorized to do the same.
The "Social Gospel" involves the church in material pursuits that God gave to individuals, not to the church. Consider some examples:
Individuals may participate in these for their own good and that of their families (Eph. 4:28; 2 Thess. 3:7ff; Acts 18:2f; 1 Tim. 5:8; Matt. 22:21)? But what passage authorizes local churches to own, operate, or sponsor businesses, hospitals, colleges, schools, day-care centers, or political campaigns?
Again, individuals may be involved in these for themselves and their families (1 Tim. 4:8; 5:8; Mark 6:31; 1 Cor. 11:22,34). But what passage authorizes local churches to organize or sponsor ball teams, gymnasiums, boy scouts, camps, parties, carnivals, stage productions, concerts, kitchens, or dinners?
The church is a spiritual body to worship God, preach the gospel, and care for certain destitute members. Individuals have additional duties that God never gave to the local church. To divert the church into pursuing "Social Gospel" interests is to practice unauthorized church activities. It perverts the spiritual emphasis of the church, and permits individuals to shift their own responsibilities to the church.
(These questions are for you to ponder. Your answers will help us understand your thinking, however they will not affect your "score.")
*27* How do you view the importance of spiritual matters as compared to physical matters? _________________________________
*28* Should the church emphasis be spiritual or physical? _________
*29* What means should the church use to attract people? _________
*30* Should churches operate businesses, schools, political campaigns, gymnasiums, camps, carnivals, etc.? _____________________
(C) Copyright David E. Pratte, 2001 www.biblestudylessons.com
Divine Authority vs. Human Authority
How to Study the Bible
Was Peter the First Pope?
Why So Much Religious Confusion & Division?
How Can You Find & Identify Jesus' Church?
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